In computing, optimization refers to the process of improving the performance or efficiency of a system, program, or algorithm. It involves identifying and eliminating any bottlenecks or inefficiencies in the system or program to achieve better performance, faster processing speed, lower resource consumption, or other desirable outcomes.

Optimization techniques can include various approaches such as algorithmic optimizations, code optimizations, database optimizations, network optimizations, and system optimizations. These techniques can involve changing the design of the system, modifying the code, adjusting configuration settings, or using specialized tools and technologies to improve the overall performance of the system or program.

Overall, optimization is an important aspect of computing that helps ensure that systems and programs can operate efficiently and effectively, even when processing large amounts of data or performing complex calculations.