Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC)

A type of computer architecture that focuses on simplicity and efficiency by using a smaller and more streamlined set of instructions compared to complex instruction set computers (CISC). The RISC philosophy is based on the principle that a simplified instruction set can lead to improved performance and reduced hardware complexity. Notable examples of RISC architectures include ARM, MIPS, PowerPC which offer advantages such as improved performance, power efficiency, and ease of design, making them well-suited for a range of applications.