A standard or point of reference against which things may be compared or assessed. In the context of computing, a benchmark is typically a set of tests used to measure the performance of hardware or software systems. These tests may involve assessing the speed of a processor, the effectiveness of a code, the capacity of a network, or any other aspect of a system’s operations. The results of benchmark tests are often used to compare different systems or components, identify bottlenecks in a system, or guide decisions about system upgrades or optimizations.